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mcimx6q-sbc

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Overview

Figure out how to play both mono and stereo .wav files through the headphones on a Freescale MCIMX6Q-SDB running a stock core-image-minimal with only added recipe alsa-utils.

Some /sys/kernel/debug/ files to check out later:

  • /sys/kernel/debug/asoc/<cardname>/<codecname>/dapm/*
  • /sys/kernel/debug/regmap/<address>/registers

System configuration

  • fully-updated poky and meta-freescale layers
  • MACHINE = imx6qdlsabresd
  • IMAGE_INSTALL_append = “ alsa-utils”
  • EXTRA_IMAGE_FEATURES = “package-management debug-tweaks”

Onboard .wav files

Part of alsa-utils package, in /usr/share/sounds/alsa/ (all mono files):

Front_Center.wav  Front_Right.wav   Rear_Center.wav   Rear_Right.wav    Side_Right.wav
Front_Left.wav    Noise.wav         Rear_Left.wav     Side_Left.wav

Also manually copied under /home/root/:

-rw-r--r--    1 root     root         53544 Oct  4 17:42 pcm0808m.wav
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root        107042 Oct  4 17:42 pcm0808s.wav
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root        107042 Oct  4 17:42 pcm1608m.wav
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root        214040 Oct  4 17:42 pcm1608s.wav
...
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Initialized.
...
wm8962 0-001a: customer id 0 revision D
fsl-asrc 2034000.asrc: driver registered
input: WM8962 Beep Generator as /devices/soc0/soc/2100000.aips-bus/21a0000.i2c/i2c-0/0-001a/input/input5
imx-wm8962 sound: wm8962 <-> 202c000.ssi mapping ok
imx-wm8962 sound: snd-soc-dummy-dai <-> 2034000.asrc mapping ok
imx-wm8962 sound: wm8962 <-> 202c000.ssi mapping ok
imx-audio-hdmi sound-hdmi: hdmi-hifi <-> soc:hdmi_audio@00120000 mapping ok
...
wm8962-supply: disabling
SW4: disabling
ALSA device list:
  #0: wm8962-audio
  #1: imx-hdmi-soc
...

Playing sample .wav files (both mono and stereo)

With no other sound or CODEC configuration, first, turn up headphone volume:

# amixer cset name="Headphone Volume" 100,100
numid=24,iface=MIXER,name='Headphone Volume'
  ; type=INTEGER,access=rw---R--,values=2,min=0,max=127,step=0
  : values=100,100
  | dBscale-min=-121.00dB,step=1.00dB,mute=1

In loop, play all mono files in /usr/share/sounds/alsa/, they all play on the left headphone only (which is to be expected):

# for w in *.wav ; do
> aplay $w
> sleep 1
> done

For .wav files under /home/root/, mono files play only on left HP channel, stereo .wav files play on both channels, so this verifies that both HP channels work, at least with stereo files.

Switching channels for mono files

To verify we can send digital input to the right channel, the digital audio interface supports swapping the channels immediately upon input:

# amixer cget name="DAC L/R Swap Switch"
numid=20,iface=MIXER,name='DAC L/R Swap Switch'
  ; type=BOOLEAN,access=rw------,values=1
  : values=off

Switch, so mono files play only on right headphone:

# amixer cset name="DAC L/R Swap Switch" on
numid=20,iface=MIXER,name='DAC L/R Swap Switch'
  ; type=BOOLEAN,access=rw------,values=1
  : values=on

Verified that that works, so turn this off. All this verifies is that we can route digital input to the right headphone.

Headphone mixers

By default, both HP channels bypass the HP mixers and get their output directly from the DAC:

root@imx6qdlsabresd:~# amixer get "HPOUTL PGA"
Simple mixer control 'HPOUTL PGA',0
  Capabilities: enum
  Items: 'DAC' 'Mixer'
  Item0: 'DAC'
root@imx6qdlsabresd:~# amixer get "HPOUTR PGA"
Simple mixer control 'HPOUTR PGA',0
  Capabilities: enum
  Items: 'DAC' 'Mixer'
  Item0: 'DAC'
root@imx6qdlsabresd:~#

The above represents bypassing the headphone mixers on both channels. Experiment with just mono files and try to set the left channel to come through the mixer for that channel.

First, switch to have HPOUTL come from the mixer, not directly from DACL. This should kill the output to the left HP channel (until we configure the mixer properly):

# amixer cset name="HPOUTL PGA" Mixer
numid=95,iface=MIXER,name='HPOUTL PGA'
  ; type=ENUMERATED,access=rw------,values=1,items=2
  ; Item #0 'DAC'
  ; Item #1 'Mixer'
  : values=1
# amixer get "HPOUTL PGA"
Simple mixer control 'HPOUTL PGA',0
  Capabilities: enum
  Items: 'DAC' 'Mixer'
  Item0: 'Mixer'

Indeed, playing mono files now produces no output at all (which is expected).

Now configure HPMIXL to get input from DACL:

# amixer set "HPMIXL DACL" on
Simple mixer control 'HPMIXL DACL',0
  Capabilities: pswitch pswitch-joined
  Playback channels: Mono
  Mono: Playback [on]

But playing a mono wav file … no sound. Not good. Oh, wait, must turn on headphone mixer:

# amixer set "Headphone Mixer" on,on
Simple mixer control 'Headphone Mixer',0
  Capabilities: pswitch
  Playback channels: Front Left - Front Right
  Mono:
  Front Left: Playback [on]
  Front Right: Playback [on]

In short:

  • switch HPOUTL PGA to “Mixer”
  • enable HPMIXL DACL
  • enable “Headphone Mixer”
mcimx6q-sbc.1507141973.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/10/04 18:32 by rpjday