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Most useful GCC extensions to C language; avoid by using -pedantic.


Statements and declarations in expressions

A compound statement enclosed in parentheses may appear as an expression in GNU C. This allows you to use loops, switches, and local variables within an expression.

#define maxint(a,b) \
  ({int _a = (a), _b = (b); _a > _b ? _a : _b; })

Local labels

GCC allows you to declare local labels in any nested block scope. A local label is just like an ordinary label, but you can only reference it (with a goto statement, or by taking its address) within the block in which it is declared.

__label__ label;

Labels as values

You can get the address of a label defined in the current function (or a containing function) with the unary operator ‘&&’. The value has type void *. This value is a constant and can be used wherever a constant of that type is valid.

void *ptr;
/* … */
ptr = &&foo;
goto *ptr;
gcc_extensions.1564058137.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/07/25 12:35 by rpjday